By John A. Dean
Respected because the usual reference for chemists for greater than 60 years, this re-creation of Lange's brings chemistry execs, scholars, and somebody drawn to technology a tremendous compilation of evidence, facts, tabular fabric, and experimental findings in each zone of chemistry. incorporated during this enormous compendium are listings of the houses of roughly 4,000 natural and 1,400 inorganic compounds. The fifteenth version contains new fabric on separation tools and analytical chemistry; statistical equipment; polymers; rubbers, fat, oils, and waxes; new inorganic compounds; IUPAC nomenclature of natural compounds; up to date lists of actual and chemical symbols; definitions and abbreviations; new tables, charts, and illustrations; with SI devices used all through (conversion tables supplied). the yankee Technical Technologists' occasions magaine acknowledged of the final version of this booklet, "Bargains are infrequent within the booklet enviornment yet this e-book represents one ... it is only overflowing with priceless info that's to be had at your beck and call."
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For example, C6H5NH 9 O 9C2H5 would be O-ethyl-N-phenylhydroxylamine or N-ethoxylaniline. For oximes, the word oxime is placed after the name of the aldehyde or ketone. If the carbonyl group is not the principal group, use the preﬁx hydroxyimino-. Compounds with the group N 9 OR are named by a preﬁx alkyloxyimino- as oxime O-ethers or as O-substituted oximes. Compounds with the group C " N(O)R are named by adding N-oxide after the name of the alkylideneaminc compound. For amine oxides, add the word oxide after the name of the base, with locants.
Third, carboxyl groups are designated by the preﬁx carboxy- when attached to a group named as a substituent or when another group is present that has higher priority for citation as principal group. In all cases, the principal chain should be linked to as many carboxyl groups as possible even though it might not be the longest chain present. Examples are CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2 COOH (1) Heptanoic acid (2) 1-Hexanecarboxylic acid C6H11COOH (2) Cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (3) 2-(Carboxymethyl)-1,4-hexanedicarboxylic acid Removal of the OH from the 9 COOH group to form the acyl radical results in changing the ending -oic acid to -oyl or the ending -carboxylic acid to -carbonyl.
Amines Imines Hydrazines 10. Ethers Sulﬁdes 11. Peroxides Formula* Preﬁx 9 CO 9 NHNH2 Carbonylhydrazino- 9 (CO) 9 NHNH2 9 CO 9 NH 9 CO 9 9 C( " NH) 9 NH2 9 (C " NH) 9 NH2 9 CN 9 (C)N 9 CHO 9 (C " O)H (then their analogs and R-imidoAmidinoCyanoFormylOxoderivatives) (C " O) Oxo(then their analogs and derivatives) top of rh base of rh Sufﬁx -carbohydrazide -ohydrazide -carboximide -carboxamidine -amidine -carbonitrile -nitrile -carbaldehyde -al -one 9 OH Hydroxy- -ol 9 SH 9 O 9 OH 9 NH2 NH 9 NHNH2 9 OR 9 SR 9 O 9 OR MercaptoHydroperoxyAminoIminoHydrazinoR-oxyR-thioR-dioxy- -thiol -amine -imine -hydrazine * Carbon atoms enclosed in parentheses are included in the name of the parent compound and not in the sufﬁx or preﬁx.
Lange's Handbook of Chemistry by John A. Dean