By Ailreza Asgharzadeh
This interrogates the racist development of Aria and Aryanism in an Iranian context, arguing that those techniques gave the Indo-European talking Persian ethnic workforce a bonus over Iran's non-Persian nationalities and groups.
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Additional resources for Iran and the Challenge of Diversity: Islamic Fundamentalism, Aryanist Racism, and Democratic Struggles
Saad replies within a context of pluralism and diversity, emphasizing that “within the borders of Iran there are many different people who may have little in common, in terms of language, culture, and way of life” (1996, p. 18). Saad goes on to show how by defining “the Arab Other” the Persian nationalists sought to define themselves and their own nationality. In order to define the Persian/Iranian nationality as “superior” and “civilized,” the Arab Other had to be defined as primitive, uncivilized, and inferior.
Azerbaycan Danishir, June 28, 2003) On May 12, 2006 Iran Newspaper, an official organ of the Islamic Republic of Iran, published a cartoon with an accompanying article where Azeris were identified as “cockroaches” who “did not know the language of humans” and therefore had to be “exterminated” (Iran Newspaper, May 12, 2006). Following this offensive publication, thousands of Azeris took to the streets for several days all over Azerbaijan, demanding equal treatment and justice. Hundred of demonstrators were arrested, and scores of them were killed in Naqadeh, Tabriz, Ormiyeh, Meshkin-shahr, and other areas.
The language of the people of Azerbaijan is Azeri (otherwise known as Azeri-Turkic) and the religion of the majority of them is Shia Islam. The population of Azeris in today’s world is approximately 44 million, of which 20 to 30 million are believed to be living in Iran, over 8 million in the Republic of Azerbaijan, close to 2 million in Turkey, and the rest in countries such as Russia, Georgia, Iraq, and Ukraine. Historically, Azerbaijan has been the center of various social movements such as the Constitutional Revolution (1905–1911), Sheikh Mohammed Khiabani’s Azadistan Movement (1920), and Mir Ja’far Pishevari’s Democratic Movement (1954–1946) that led to the creation of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic from December 1945 to December 1946.
Iran and the Challenge of Diversity: Islamic Fundamentalism, Aryanist Racism, and Democratic Struggles by Ailreza Asgharzadeh