By William L. Richter
Quite a few cross-referenced entries on admired members, together with Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, Robert E. Lee, and Abraham Lincoln, in addition to others on regulations of the time that experience because slipped into oblivion are all lined during this booklet. fiscal, social and spiritual backgrounds hint the probably inevitable route to secession, battle and defeat. This reference additionally contains an introductory essay, a chronology and a bibliography of the epoch.
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He hoped that the continued debate would move the law’s original congressional supporters to debate their measure some more and modify it to overcome the objections of the Nullifiers. Thus the Union would be made stronger by Nullification, not weaker. This may have been true, but it is questionable that a theory of the Concurrent Voice, as Nullification was formally called, which historians assert Calhoun based on the rights of Polish nobles to check their central government in the 18th century, would strengthen much of anything, even in Calhoun’s idealized presentation.
Senator James H. S. S. Representative Alexander H. Stephens (Georgia, close congressional friend of Lincoln, later vice president of the Confederacy, who called slavery the “cornerstone” of Southern civilization). But it went further. The belief in the Slave Power Conspiracy became so all-encompassing as to cause it to be accused of sponsoring presidential assassinations. As the story went, whenever a president free from Old South control emerged, he was cut down in his prime, allegedly poisoned by unknown Southerners bent on guaranteeing the primacy of the Slave Power Conspiracy.
At least that is what one learns in public schools and even colleges and universities. But that is only partially true. What the war really was all about was raw political power—about which white people would rule the United States. It was the successful attempt to take the political imperium from the Southern agrarian, slaveholding aristocracy that governed this nation until the most terrible of all American wars, and transfer it to the industrial, shipping magnates of the North, who have run it since, which is one reason the war produced a reborn Union, but only a technical freedom, and little equality, legacies that haunt the United States even today.
Historical Dictionary of the Old South by William L. Richter