By A. Bertucco, G. Vetter
Transparent facts of accelerating calls for within the processing brought on the editors and authors to submit a brand new ebook approximately excessive strain approach know-how: basics and functions. This booklet offers the newest wisdom concerning the excessive strain processing points mixed with that concerning the modeling, the layout and the operation of secure and trustworthy excessive strain crops and kit. This therapy and choice of the themes is stimulating and special. including 9 chapters, every one subdivided into a number of sections, the publication addresses the excessive strain features, offering good chosen correlated info attached with a accomplished evaluation including a lot of references. the most physique of the 1st 8 chapters refers to topics like excessive strain normally, the thermodynamics and kinetics of the fluids concerned, the layout of excessive strain gear, the modeling and layout of reactors, separation and fractionation devices, the security points, the regulate and economics. within the prolonged final bankruptcy, examples of promising excessive strain purposes are defined, corresponding to chemical and enzymatic reactions in supercritical solvents, hydrogenation below supercritical stipulations, supercritical water oxidation, polymerization with metallocene catalysts, supercritical extraction, fractionation and precipitation, supercritical pharma processing, ultra-high strain sterilization and supercritical dry-cleaning.
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Extra resources for High Pressure Process Technology: Fundamentals and Applications
B. R. D. Manning, S. L. Spain, J. ressure Process Technology: Fundamentals and Applications A. Bertucco and G. Vetter (Editors) 9 2001 Elsevier Science B. V. All rights reserved. 17 CHAPTER 2 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH PRESSURE I. K i k i c a, T. W . De L o o s b "Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, dell'Ambiente e delle Materie Prime Universit~ degli Studi di Trieste Piazzale Europa, 1 1-34127 Trieste, Italy bFaculty of Applied Science, Department of Chemical Technology Laboratory of Applied Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria Delft University of Technology Julianalaan 136 NL-2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands In this chapter the basic concepts on high-pressure phase equilibrium are introduced.
4-2) is, among others, the basis for the production of washing detergents. Q C:) i~ 1~250 ba P2K1 fatty acids catalyst/ hydrogen fatty alcohols Fig. 4-2. Production of unsaturated fatty alcohols (new) J unsaturated fatty alcohols The feed of fatty acids and fatty alcohol with the appropriate catalyst (diaphragm pumps, P1 and P2) reacts with hydrogen (staged dry-running piston compressor, K1) to unsaturated fatty alcohols (reactor, a). Several high pressure steps such as heat exchange, separation, recycling catalyst feed (b to f) together with proper high pressure components, are required.
No l ly,- y;[ no I no [ .... I composition are correct Fig. P. 2 Equations of state The goals of the modelling of phase equilibria are both the correlation of existing data and the prediction of data in regions where experimental results are not available. An ideal model would use easily measured physical properties to predict phase equilibria under all conditions, and would be theoretically based. Unfortunately, no such model exists, and no single model can treat all situations. Existing correlations of phase equilibrium data contain many regressed parameters, they are often semi-empirical, and they may be successfull in fitting the data in parts of the phase diagram -even with high accuracy.
High Pressure Process Technology: Fundamentals and Applications by A. Bertucco, G. Vetter