By Alastair Davidson
This significant, theoretically refined paintings explores the techniques of liberal democracy, citizenship and rights. Grounded in severe unique examine, the e-book examines Australia's political and criminal associations, and strains the heritage and way forward for citizenship and the country in Australia. The imperative topic is that making evidence of belonging to the nationwide tradition a precondition of citizenship is irrelevant for a multicultural society akin to Australia. This turns into an item lesson for the multicultural nearby polities forming through the global.
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Additional info for From Subject to Citizen: Australian Citizenship in the Twentieth Century
With the emergence of the modern state it was no longer so easy to ally politics and ethics as it had been for the Greeks. They simply transferred their 'private' social values to the 'public' political realm as no distinction was made by them between the two domains. Both Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Immanuel Kant tried to find solutions which squared private individual or community concern with an obligation to justice in a wider society of the modern state. Both recognised the starting point in abiding ethnic difference and the need to protect the smaller communities against the larger.
In the materialist theory of absolutism the puny and even mentally debile monarch held power because the citizens had agreed that he should do so for their benefit. It was evident in reason that their role was at least active at the moment when they putatively agreed to 34 FROM SUBJECT TO CITIZEN: 1901-1996 come together in a social contract. It was also clear that since it could only be explained as being for their benefit, they would have reserved some rights for themselves, though this was limited by theorists like Thomas Hobbes to the notion that the sovereign could not simply kill them once installed.
This is, however, less important than Aristotle's next proposition. For Aristotle, the primary question after defining a citizen by such direct democratic law-making had been the practical one of who could be a citizen, or put another way, how far did a polity extend. On this he was quite clear. Being a citizen depended on being a blood descendant over at least two generations on both sides of a citizen-parent. 6 This followed from his assumption that all city-states grew out of an original or a combination of original families: it was out of the association formed by men with ...
From Subject to Citizen: Australian Citizenship in the Twentieth Century by Alastair Davidson