By Trebor Scholz
Digital Labor calls at the reader to check the moving websites of work markets to the web throughout the lens in their political, technological, and old making. net clients at present create lots of the content material that makes up the internet: they seek, hyperlink, tweet, and submit updates―leaving their "deep" info uncovered. in the meantime, governments pay attention in, and massive businesses song, learn, and expect clients’ pursuits and conduct.
This distinct number of essays offers a wide-ranging account of the darkish aspect of the net. It claims that the divide among relaxation time and paintings has vanished in order that each element of existence drives the electronic economic climate. The booklet finds the anatomy of playbor (play/labor), the trap of exploitation and the opportunity of empowerment. finally, the 14 thought-provoking chapters during this quantity ask how clients can politicize their stricken complicity, create public possible choices to the centralized social internet, and thrive online.
Contributors: Mark Andrejevic, Ayhan Aytes, Michel Bauwens, Jonathan Beller, Patricia Ticineto Clough, Sean Cubitt, Jodi Dean, Abigail De Kosnik, Julian Dibbell, Christian Fuchs, Lisa Nakamura, Andrew Ross, Ned Rossiter, Trebor Scholz, Tizania Terranova, McKenzie Wark, and Soenke Zehle
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Extra info for Digital Labor: The Internet as Playground and Factory
19 One of the salient questions at The Internet as Playground and Factory conference was whether the Marxist labor theory of value is still applicable to the new modes of capital accumulation exemplified by Facebook. The new profile of glad-some work—sometimes referred to as play-labor or “playbor”20—does not seem to fit neatly into Marx’s classic analysis of how surplus value is generated from socially necessary, waged labor. 21 On the face of it, this theory does seem capable of accommodating or explaining the exploitative use of donated or passionate effort that is part and parcel of immaterial labor.
What I will rather do is map the way in which the Internet connects to the autonomist social factory. I will look at how the “outernet”—the network of social, cultural, and economic relationships that crisscrosses and exceeds the Internet—surrounds and connects the latter to larger flows of labor, culture, and power. It is fundamental to move beyond the notion that cyberspace is about escaping reality in order to understand how the reality of the Internet is deeply connected to the development of late postindustrial societies as a whole.
The mutual 13 Barbrook’s vision of the informational commons was only reinforced by the subsequent explosion of peer-to-peer, filesharing networks—a huge network phenomenon that had the music and film industries up in arms. From a Marxist-Hegelian angle, Barbrook saw the high-tech gift economy as a process of overcoming capitalism from the inside. ”14 Participants in the gift economy are not reluctant to use market resources and government funding to pursue a potlatch economy of free exchange. However, the potlatch and the economy ultimately remain irreconcilable, and the market economy is always threatening to reprivatize the common enclaves of the gift economy.
Digital Labor: The Internet as Playground and Factory by Trebor Scholz