By Benjamin Franklin Cooling
Through the summer season of 1862, a accomplice resurgence threatened to show the tide of the Civil struggle. whilst the Union’s previous multitheater thrust into the South proved to be a strategic overreach, the Confederacy observed its probability to opposite the lack of the higher South via counteroffensives from the Chesapeake to the Mississippi. Benjamin Franklin Cooling tells this tale in Counter-Thrust, recounting in harrowing aspect Robert E. Lee’s flouting of his antagonist George B. McClellan’s force to seize the accomplice capital at Richmond and describing the accomplice hero’s long-dreamt-of offensive to reclaim crucial and northern Virginia sooner than crossing the Potomac. Counter-Thrust additionally presents a window into the Union’s inner clash at construction a winning army management workforce in this defining interval. Cooling indicates us Lincoln’s management in disarray, with family members among the president and box commander McClellan strained to the brink. He additionally indicates how the fortunes of battle shifted without notice within the Union’s desire, climaxing at Antietam with the bloodiest unmarried day in American history—and in Lincoln’s selection to announce a initial Emancipation Proclamation. right here in all its gritty aspect and massive intensity is a severe second within the unfolding of the Civil warfare and of yankee heritage. (20080528)
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Extra resources for Counter-Thrust: From the Peninsula to the Antietam (Great Campaigns of the Civil War)
Maj. ” Three hundred naval guns roared, making the earth tremble and echoing up and down the James. Whiskey rations were issued and music played until midnight, remembered Pvt. ” McClellan addressed the men and spoke of victory—not over Lee and the Rebels, but over adversity. Such adversity was not of his doing, McClellan claimed. Few observers might deny that McClellan expressed great concern for his army. ”14 s umme r i mpas s e | 9 McClellan seemed to drift off in his own personal war. He imagined numerically superior enemies.
Furthermore, emancipation under Lincoln’s scheme would hardly lessen Radical pressure for “unconstitutional” emancipation by presidential decree for the remaining three million slaves in the seceded states—a move totally unacceptable to a majority of Southerners. 31 Within a fortnight, Lincoln decided that he would issue an emancipation proclamation using his war powers. Short of constitutional amendment, he had no other device at hand beyond property conﬁscation. Presidential secretary John Hay recorded on July 20, “The President himself has been .
Instead of developing and then acting promptly on a new offensive plan, he had passed too much time penning “soft” policy advisories to superiors and letters of apology to staunch local secessionists like Hill Carter of Shirley plantation for his soldiers’ property transgressions. He additionally wrote politically inﬂammatory missives to inﬂuential friends and revealing private letters to his wife. While toying with Washington over statistical counts, in the end McClellan had moved too late. The withdrawal telegram from Washington on August 3 reﬂected corps commanders’ opinions of army morale and the dreadful health in the James River camps as well as Lincoln’s displeasure with the entire situation.
Counter-Thrust: From the Peninsula to the Antietam (Great Campaigns of the Civil War) by Benjamin Franklin Cooling