By James Hampshire
James Hampshire explores the politics of immigration in postwar Britain and indicates how principles of race, demography and belonging intertwined to form immigration coverage. it's the first e-book to give an explanation for immigration when it comes to the politics of demographic governance - how states deal with and control their populations - and offers a far wanted old context to present debates. furthermore, the ebook develops new views at the ways that racialized rules stimulated politics and policy-making.
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Additional info for Citizenship and Belonging: Immigration and the Politics of Demographic Governance in Postwar Britain
The previous year, Citizenship and Belonging: The Development of UK Immigration Policy 25 however, when the citizenship/belonging distinction was adumbrated by the Home Secretary, Gwilym Lloyd-George, a more prescient interpretation had been adopted. Lloyd-George assured the Cabinet that in any legislation ‘there would of course be no question of interfering with the right of persons belonging to the United Kingdom to come and go as they please’. 29 On Lloyd-George’s account, then, while the Irish were not considered to belong they were not to be excluded by immigration legislation either.
Further, the colonies were not separate entities in international law, responsible for external relations and capable of taking diplomatic action to protect citizens abroad. The same difﬁculty prevents us now from separating citizenship of the United Kingdom and Colonies and creating one orthodox citizenship for the United Kingdom and a separate one for people who do not belong to the United Kingdom. 86 Citizenship and Belonging: The Development of UK Immigration Policy 39 The Heath Government and the 1971 Immigration Act The period of exclusion did not end there however.
For the ﬁrst time, the right of British subjects to enter the ‘mother country’ was restricted. CIA 1962 brought to a close the period of imperial citizenship and began a new exclusionary phase in the politics of immigration which would last until 1981. This phase would see the differentiation of citizenship rights according to belonging and, eventually, the redeﬁnition of citizenship in terms of descent. 33 Although these developments could hardly have been anticipated at the time, the momentousness of the Commonwealth Immigrants Bill was not lost on MPs, and the legislation had a stormy passage through Parliament.
Citizenship and Belonging: Immigration and the Politics of Demographic Governance in Postwar Britain by James Hampshire