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Download PDF by R. Jankowski: Altruism and Self-Interest in Democracies: Individual

By R. Jankowski

ISBN-10: 1137391537

ISBN-13: 9781137391537

ISBN-10: 1349680494

ISBN-13: 9781349680498

Participants have little incentive to vote, gather political details or give a contribution crusade money, simply because their vote has little or no probability of affecting the result of an election. Jankowski bargains a proof and facts for political participation in response to the truth that most people are weakly altruistic.

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Why Participate in Politics? 23 Voters frequently then leave blank their choices for races lower down in the ballot. Civic duty dictates that one should vote for all the races. Information, in general, is more costly for the races at the lower end of the ballot. Again, only by expanding our notion of utility to include altruistic benefit (B2) are information costs a factor in the voting decision. The major limitations of consumption explanations (civic duty and expressive voting) are: One, they do not even attempt to explain Downs’s second dilemma that it is irrational to acquire political information and, two, they can only explain three of the five facts of voting turnout.

326. Thus, this single measure of altruism accounts for approximately onequarter of the total explained variance. It is by far the best single predictor of voter turnout. But, the goodness-of-fit measure is misleading when we test for mixed-strategies. Even individuals who are altruistically motivated will abstain if that is required in a mixed-strategy equilibrium. Thus, the goodness-of-fit measure and the regression coefficients will underestimate the impact of altruism in empirical tests. I have no way of knowing how extensive this underestimation is.

1 percent of Strong Democrats did so. Overall, 61 percent of all Republicans (including leaners), but only 47 percent of Democrats perceived a difference between the two parties. Other factors might affect voter turnout. Hence, I reviewed the literature and found additional control variables for the statistical analysis. The most common factors cited to affect turnout are: age, income, and education. Voter turnout clearly increases with age. Education and income also have a positive impact on turnout (See, for example, Teixeira, 1987).

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Altruism and Self-Interest in Democracies: Individual Participation in Government by R. Jankowski


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