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A Scientific Way of War: Antebellum Military Science, West - download pdf or read online

By Ian Clarence Hope

ISBN-10: 0803276850

ISBN-13: 9780803276857

While religion within the Enlightenment used to be waning in other places by means of 1850, on the usa army Academy at West aspect and within the minds of academy graduates serving during the kingdom Enlightenment pondering endured, saying that conflict used to be governable via a grand idea obtainable in the course of the research of army technology. officials of the normal military and teachers on the army academy and their political superiors all believed strongly within the chance of buying an ideal wisdom of battle during the right curriculum.
 
A clinical means of War analyzes how the doctrine of army technological know-how advanced from instructing particular Napoleonic functions to embracing topics that were useful for battle in North the United States. Drawing from a wide range of fabrics, Ian C. desire refutes previous fees of an absence of professionalization within the antebellum American military and an overreliance at the teachings of Swiss army theorist Antoine de Jomini. in its place, wish exhibits that inculcation in West Point’s American army curriculum ultimately got here to supply the military with an officer corps that shared a typical doctrine and customary ability in army challenge fixing. The proliferation of army technology ensured that at the eve of the Civil battle there existed a enormously American, and clinical, approach of war.
 

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Download e-book for iPad: A Scientific Way of War: Antebellum Military Science, West by Ian Clarence Hope

Whereas religion within the Enlightenment was once waning somewhere else via 1850, on the usa army Academy at West element and within the minds of academy graduates serving through the nation Enlightenment considering continued, saying that conflict used to be governable through a grand concept obtainable in the course of the research of army technology.

Additional resources for A Scientific Way of War: Antebellum Military Science, West Point, and the Origins of American Military Thought

Sample text

Edward Winslow described the exercise of arms in front of Native guests during the first Thanksgiving Day in 1620. 2 This is not to suggest that the colonial plantations were military exercises. The carriage of arms and the performance of drill during village muster were defensive measures to counter the threat of raids by European foes and Indians.  . ”3 In the Christian idea of their day, appropriations of new farming and grazing land and subjugation of the Indians, even by the use of armed force, were natural and correct and did not warrant the name war.

1 Colonial and Early National Military Science W hen fighting began in earnest during the American Revolution, military and political leaders realized that the methods of la petite guerre were not sufficient to beat the might of England, and they sought to acquire European engineering, administration, and artillery expertise to instruct the Continental Army. However, attempts to institutionalize military science ceased with the end of hostilities. Lack of clear threat and changing political and economic circumstances, together with Whig traditions and an accepted narrative of the militia’s effectiveness, beclouded the need for professional military forces or education.

An angle of operation less than 60° or a base of operation that constituted but a single point along a frontier was considered dangerous, as an enemy could outflank an army and sever it from its base. The influence of von Bülow in Europe was significant, and subsequent European works on military science, including Jomini’s, used parts of his system. In fact, Bülow’s work provoked a competition between Jomini and Archduke Charles of Austria regarding what was valid and what was ridiculous about the geometry of military movements.

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A Scientific Way of War: Antebellum Military Science, West Point, and the Origins of American Military Thought by Ian Clarence Hope


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